It is important to note that childhood plays an integral role in the continuous and rapid growth of healthy motor and cognitive development in everyone’s life. Although there are limited published studies assessing the relationship between physical activities and cognitive developments in children those available have demonstrated a positive correlation between sports and improvement in cognitive functions in children. To understand the role of sports in the cognitive development of young children researches focuses on the flowing areas, language learning, academic achievement, attention, and working memory. To help you understand the relationship between cognitive development in children and sports we have highlighted how the following areas’ attention, thinking, language, and memory are affected by participating in physical activities.
Looking at attention, cross-sectional studies have indicated that children who participate in regular moderate-intensity activities have more focused attention, calm and controlled in class which is evident in the class activities that last more than 3 hours when the processes that require attention start to deteriorate, it has also been noted that children who do some sports such as karate function better compared to those who spend most of their time on passive activities.
Participating in regular physical activities have been associated with improved and creative thinking in children especially in individual organized sports such as karate, some cross-sectional studies have demonstrated with children who participated in organized football for six months that participation in regular physical activities improves planning skills which are more developed than for children who do not engage in sports.
In the case of language development and physical activities, independent studies have demonstrated the positive influence of physical activities and development of speech, some studies have highlighted the impacts of engaging in sports on the development of a comprehensive understanding of the meaning of words and greater ability to detect syntax errors in children who engage in physical activities, this has contributed to some researchers associating good grades with participation in sports.
It is important to note that scientists have identified a positive correlation between physical activities, learning, and memory in children, this is so because engaging in regular physical activities such as karate or football promotes the growth of greater basal ganglia and hippocampus capacities the areas that are associated with cognitive control and memory, some studies have found that children between age 3-5 years with improved physical activities have great cognitive functions especially in the area of working memory. Those are the main relationship between cognitive development and physical activities in children.